Crupper: 1. a leather strap fastened to the saddle of a harness and looping under the tail of a horse to prevent the harness from slipping forward. 2. the rump or buttocks of a horse. 3. armor for the rump of a horse.

Cues: Anything said or done that is followed by a specific action. A hint or guiding suggestion to get a horse to do something specific.

Curb bit: A type of bit used for riding horses that uses lever action. I t includes the pelham bit and the Weymouth curb along with the traditional "curb bit" used mainly by Western riders. Kimberwickes are modified curb bits, and a curb bit is used in a double bridle along with a bradoon. A curb bit is, in general, more severe than a basic snaffle bit, although there are several factors that are involved in determining a bit's severity. Liverpool bits are a type of curb bit commonly used for horses in harness.

curb bit

Currycomb: A square comb consisting of rows of small teeth, used for grooming horses

Cutting: To part an animal out of a herd.

Dapple(s): 1. a spot or mottled marking, usually occurring in clusters. 2. an animal with a mottled skin or coat. 3. dappled = spotted:

Donkey: Also called: ass a long-eared domesticated member of the horse family (Equidae), descended from the African wild ass (Equus asinus).

Draw Reins: 1. Refer to reins which go from the rider's hand, through one bit ring (outside to inside), and attach to the girth. 2. A training devise, is especially useful on horses that want to whirl and run.

Dressage: The method of training a horse to perform maneuver in response to the rider's body signals. 2. the maneuvers performed by a horse trained in this method

Ferrier: A specialist in equine hoof care, including the trimming and balancing of a horse's hoof and the placing of shoes to the horse's foot; a blacksmith.

Feathering: A term used to describe the long hair on the lower legs and fetlocks of some breeds of horse and pony.

Filly: A female horse or pony under the age of four.

Foal: A young horse, mule, or related animal (gender does not matter); one that is not yet one year of age.


Forelock: A lock of a horse's mane that grows forwards between the ears.

Furlong: A unit of distance, equal to 220 yards (201 m) or 1 / 8 mile.

Gait: 1. A manner of walking, stepping, or running. 2. any of the manners in which a horse moves, as a walk, trot, canter, gallop, or rack.

Gelding: A castrated animal; a castrated male horse

Girth: 1. A band that passes underneath a horse or other animal to hold a saddle in place, esp. one having a buckle at each end for fastening to straps running from under the flaps of the saddle.


2. a measure around a horse's body measured behind the withers.


Groom: 1. To make or keep a horse clean and tidy. 2. to rub down, clean, and smarten (a horse, dog, etc). 3. to train or prepare for a particular task, etc. 4. A person who does these things for a horse

Ground Manners: How a horse behaves around you when you are working with him or standing next to him on the ground. They are a fundamental part of horse training.

Ground Tie: The continuous repetition of dropping the lead rope on the ground and insisting that the horse stand there.

Gymkhana: A field day held for equestrians, consisting of exhibitions of horsemanship and much pageantry.

Hackamore: Type of animal headgear which does not have a bit. Instead, it has a special type of noseband that works on pressure points on the face, nose, and chin. It is most commonly associated with certain styles of riding horses.


Halter: Headgear that is used to lead or tie up a horse (or other livestock) and, occasionally, other animals; it fits behind the ears (behind the poll), and around the muzzle. To handle the animal, usually a lead rope (rein) or lead shank is attached. On smaller animals, such as dogs, a leash is attached to the halter.


Halter Class: An event in which horses are led in-hand and judged on the basis of their conformation.

Hand: A linear measure equal to 4 inches (10.2 centimeters), used esp. in determining the height of horses.

Handler: The handler is responsible for the control of the horse, his attitude towards his work, his responsiveness to the rider, and his behavior.

Haute École: The art, techniques, or practice of expert equestrianship.

Hobble: 1. An act of hobbling; an uneven, halting gait; a limp. 2. a tool that dates back centuries and was used in horse cultures around the world, it is not commonly in use by today's more recreational oriented horse owners. It has most definitely not outlived its usefulness in modern times.

Hobbles: 1. A rope, strap, etc., used to hobble an animal. 2. a leg harness for controlling the gait of a pacer.

Hoof Pick: A hooked implement used to remove foreign objects from a hoof.

hoof pick

In-Hand: 1. When a horse (or other live stock) is led, not ridden, and judged on their conformation and/or suitability as breeding stock. 2. If preceded by a number (six-in-hand) denotes the number of horses that are hitched together.

Irons: Term often used for the stirrups on an English saddle.

Jog: Seen in western horses, it is a slow, relaxed trot lacking the suspension of a working trot, with shorter strides. It is easy to ride because there is less "bounce." The head of the horse is carried low, and while the hindquarters are engaged and underneath the horse, there is less impulsion than in a dressage-style collected trot.

Jump: 1. To cause to leap.
2. any of several contests that feature a leap or jump.
3. a space, obstacle, apparatus, or the like, cleared or to be cleared in a leap.

Keyhole: Is a speed event commonly seen at equestrian events and gymkhanas, in which the horse and rider team with the fastest time in completing the event wins. Horses running this event must have speed, but also the agility to stop quickly in full stride, turn, and bolt directly back into a run.

Lead: 1. The foreleg that consistently extends beyond and strikes the ground ahead of the other foreleg (Manège).
2. to be led or submit to being led.
3. short for lead rope or lead line; reins.